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Bibliography

General Overviews

Allan, J. D. 2004. Landscapes and riverscapes: the influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 35: 257-284.

Anonymous. 1884. Map of the Wacissa River. Map and report transmitted to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army.
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Anonymous. 1969. Homosassa Springs Florida, U.S.A. Fla. Naturalist 42: 35.

Beck, W. M. 1965. The streams of Florida. Bull. Florida State Museum 10(3): 91-126.

Berndt, M. P., E. T. Oaksford, M. R. Darst, and R. L. Marella. 1996. Environmental Setting and Factors that Affect Water Quality in the Georgia-Florida Coastal Plain Study Unit. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 95-4268. 46 pp.

Botosaneanu, L. (ed.). 1998. Studies in Crenobiology. The Biology of Springs and Springbrooks. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. 261 pp.

Brooks, H. K. 1961. The submarine spring off Crescent Beach, Florida. Quart. J. Florida Academy of Sciences 24(2): 122-134

Brown, M. T., J. M. Schaefer, K. H. Brandt, S. J. Doherty, et al. 1987. Buffer Zones for Water, Wetlands, and Wildlife. Report by the Center for Wetlands, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 163 pp, Appendix.

Cooke, C. W. 1939. Scenery of Florida. Bull. Florida State Geol. Survey 17: 1-118.

Copeland, R. 2003. Florida Spring Classification System and Spring Glossary. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication No. 52. 18 pp.

Dolan, E. M. and G. T. Allan, Jr.. 1961. An Investigation of the Darby and Hornsby Springs Sites, Alachua County, Florida. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication No. 7. 124 pp.

FDEP. 2001a. Basin Status Report. Suwannee (Including Aucilla, Coastal, Suwannee and Waccasassa Basins in Florida). Report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 193 pp.

FDEP. 2001b. Basin Status Report. Ochlockonee and St. Marks. Report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 174 pp.

FDEP. 2001c. Basin Status Report. Ocklawaha. Report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 315 pp.

FDEP. 2003a. Basin Status Report. Middle St. Johns. Report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 345 pp.

FDEP. 2003b. Basin Status Report. Choctawhatchee-St. Andrew. Report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 211 pp.

FDEP. 2005. Water Quality Status Report. Withlacoochee River. Report prepared by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 230 pp.

FDNR. 1989. Florida Rivers Assessment. Report produced by the Florida Resources and Environmental Analysis Center for the Florida Department of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL. 452 pp.

Fernald, E. A. and E. D. Purdum. 1998. Water Resources Atlas of Florida. Institute of Science and Public Affairs, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. 312 pp.

Florida Geological Survey. 2004. Wakulla Springs Scientific Symposium. May 13, 2004. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication No. 56. CD version.

Florida Springs Task Force. 2000. Florida's Springs. Strategies for Protection and Restoration. Report by the Florida Springs Task Force. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. CD version.

Florida Springs Task Force. 2006. Florida's Springs. Strategies for Protection and Restoration. Report by the Florida Springs Task Force. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. CD version.

Friends of the Wekiva River, Inc. (FOWR). 1985. The Wekiva River Basin: A Resource Endangered. A Position paper. Prepared by the Technical Committee.

Hobbs, H. H., III. 1992. Caves and Springs. Pp. 59-131 IN: C. T. Hackney, S. M. Adams, and W. H. Martin (eds.), Biodiversity of the Southeastern United States. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY.

Lane, E. 2001. The Spring Creek Submarine Springs Group, Wakulla County, Florida. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication 47. 34 pp.

Mann, J. A. and R. N. Cherry. 1969. Large Springs of Florida's "Sun Coast": Citrus and Hernando Counties. Florida Geological Survey Leaflet Series No. 9. 23 pp.

Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1992. Alexander Springs, Florida. Natural History 101(11): 66-68.

Nordlie, F. G. 1990. Rivers and Springs. Pp. 392-425 IN: R. L. Myers and J. J. Ewel (eds.), Ecosystems of Florida. University of Central Florida Press, Orlando, FL.

Randazzo, A. F. and D. S. Jones (eds.). 1997. The Geology of Florida. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL. xviii, 327 pp.

Rosenau, J. C. An Index to the Springs of Florida. Florida Bureau of Geology Map Series 63.

Spechler, R. M. and D. M. Schiffer. 1995. Springs in Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-151-95.

SJRWMD. 2002. Middle St. Johns River Basin. Surface Water Improvement and Management Plan. Report by the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. iv, 87 pp.

Stamm, D. 1994. Springs of Florida. Pineapple Press, Sarasota, FL. 112 pp.

SWFWMD. 2000. Crystal River/Kings Bay Surface Water Improvement and Management Plan. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL.
http://www.swfwmd.state.fl.us/ppr/plans/crystal_river-kings_bay_2000.pdf,

SWFWMD. 2004. Crystal River/Kings Bay Technical Summary. Southwest Florida Water Management District Surface Water Improvement and Management Program, Brooksville, FL.
http://www.bocc.citrus.fl.us/devservices/commdev/scc/cr_kingsbay_summary.pdf

SWFWMD. 1989. Surface Water Improvement and Management Plan for the Rainbow River. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL.

URS. 2001. Middle St. Johns River Basin. Final Reconnaissance Report. Report prepared by URS Corp. for the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. 54 pp., Exhibits.

Wakulla Springs Woodville Karst Plain Symposium: Transactions (1998)

Water and Air Research. 1991. Diagnostic Studies of the Rainbow River. Report prepared for Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Wetland Solutions, Inc. 2003. Human Use and Ecological Evaluation of the Recommended Minimum Flow Regime for Blue Spring and Blue Spring Run, Volusia County. Report prepared for the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. Pp. variously numbered,

Wetland Solutions, Inc. 2004. Work Plan. Pollutant Load Reduction Goal (PLRG) Analysis for the Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run, Florida. Report prepared for the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Wetterhall, W. S. 1965. Reconnaissance of Springs and Sinks in West Central Florida. Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigations 39. 42 pp.

Williams, D. D. and I. M. Smith. 1990. Spring Habitats and their Faunas: An Introductory Bibliography. Biological Survey of Canada Document Series No. 4.

Wolfe, S. (ed.). 1990. An Ecological Characterization of the Florida Springs Coast: Pithlachascotee to Waccasassa Rivers. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 90(21). 323 pp.

Geology/Hydrogeology

Bahtijarevic, A. 1989. Sinkhole density of the Forest City Quadrangle. Pp. 75-82 IN: B. F. Beck (ed.), Proceedings of the Third Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes,

Beatty, G. F. 1977. The Study of Lineaments and Fracture Traces and Correlation to Springs along the Suwannee River from Mayo, Florida to Branford, Florida. M. S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 90 pp.

Butt, P. L. and G. J. Murphy. 2003. Dyal and Black Sinks Dye Trace Study. Columbia County, Florida. May-September 2003. Report submitted by Karst Environmental Services to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. iii, 47 pp., 4 Apps (1 as CD).

Cichon, J. R., A. E. Baker, A. R. Wood, and J. D. Arthur. 2005. Wekiva Aquifer Vulnerability Assessment. Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 104. 36 pp.

Champion, K. M. and S. B. Upchurch. 2003. Delineation of Spring-Water Source Areas in the Ichetucknee Springshed. Report submitted by SDII Global Corp. to the Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 40 pp., 1 Appendix.

Ferguson, G. E., C. W. Lingham, S. K. Love, and R. O. Vernon. 1947. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin No. 31. 196 pp.

GeoTrans, Inc. 1991a. Wekiva River Basin Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling Study. Phase II: Cross-Sectional Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Model Development. St. Johns River Water Management District. Special Publication SJ92-SP20. Palatka, Florida.

GeoTrans, Inc. 1991b. Wekiva River Basin Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling Study. Phase III: Three-Dimensional Density Dependent Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Model Development. St. Johns River Water Management District. Special Publication SJ92-SP21. Palatka, Florida.

GeoTrans, Inc. 1992. Wekiva River Basin Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling Study. Phase I: Regional Groundwater Flow Model Development. St. Johns River Water Management District. Special Publication SJ92-SP19. Palatka. Florida.

Gerami, A. 1984. Hydrogeology of the St. Marks River Basin, Northwest Florida. M. S. Thesis. Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. viii, 165 pp.

Gordon, S. L. 1998. Surface and Ground Water Mixing in an Unconfined Karst Aquifer, Ichetucknee River Ground Water Basin, Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. x, 122 pp.

Hirth, D. K. 1995. Hydrogeochemical Characterization of the Ichetucknee River Groundwater Basin using Multiple Tracers and Computer Modeling near Lake City, Florida. M. S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. viii, 117 pp.

Hoenstine, R. W. and S. Weissinger 1982. A Geologic Guide to Suwannee River, Ichetucknee Springs, O'Leno and Manatee Springs State Parks. Florida Geological Survey Leaflet Series No. 12. 28 pp.

Huang, C-t. 1994. Revised Spring Conductance Coefficients. Wekiva River Basin Groundwater Flow Model. St. Johns River Water Management District Professional Paper SJ94-PP3. 16 pp.

HydroGeoLogic, Inc. 2005. Development of an Integrated Surface Water/Ground Water Model (ISGM) in Western Orange and Seminole Counties, Florida. Final Report. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2005-SP15. Pp. variously numbered, Tables, Figures.

Karst Environmental Services. 1997. Cooperative Dye Trace: Rose Creek Swallet-Ichetucknee Springs Group. Report produced for the Ichetucknee Springs Water Quality Working Group. Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Kincaid, T. R. 1994. Ground Water and Surface Water Interactions in the Western Santa Fe River Basin near High Springs, Florida. M. S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. xiii, 186 pp.

Knowles, L., Jr., A. M. O'Reilly, and J. C. Adamski. 2002. Hydrogeology and Simulated Effects of Ground-Water Withdrawals from the Floridan Aquifer System in Lake County and in the Ocala National Forest and Vicinity: North-Central Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4207. 140 pp.

Maddox, G. L., J. M. Lloyd, T. M. Scott, S. B. Upchurch, and R. Copeland (eds.). 1992. Florida's Groundwater Quality Monitoring Program. Background Geochemistry. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication 34. 364 pp.

Martin, J. B. and R. W. Dean. 1999. Temperature as a natural tracer of short residence times for ground water in karst aquifers. Pp. 236-242 IN: A. N. Palmer, M. V. Palmer, and I. D. Sasowsky (eds.), Karst Modeling. Karst Waters Institute Special Publication #5. Charles Town, WV.

Martin, J. B. and R. W. Dean. 2001. Exchange of water between conduits and matrix in the Floridan Aquifer. Chemical Geology 179: 145-165.

Martin, J. B. and E. J. Screaton. 2001. Exchange of matrix and conduit water with examples from the Floridan aquifer. Pp. 38-44 IN: E. L. Kuniansky (ed.), Proceedings. USGS Karst Interest Group. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4011.

McGurk, B. and P. F. Presley. 2002. Simulation of the Effects of Groundwater Withdrawals on the Floridan Aquifer System: Model Expansion and Revision. St. Johns River Water Management District Technical Publication SJ2002-03. xix, 196 pp, Appendices.

Miller, J. A. 1986. Hydrogeologic Framework of the Floridan Aquifer System in Florida and Parts of Georgia, Alabama, and South Caroline. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1403-B. 91 pp.

Osburn, W., D. Toth, and D. Boniol. 2002. Springs of the St. Johns River Water Management District. SJRWMD Technical Report SJ2002-5. CD version.

Phelps, G. G. 1994. Hydrogeology, Water Quality, and Potential for Contamination of the Upper Floridan Aquifer in the Silver Springs Groundwater Basin, Central Marion County, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4159. 69 pp, 5 maps.

Phelps, G. G. 2004. Chemistry of Ground Water in the Silver Springs Basin, Florida with an Emphasis on Nitrate. U. S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5144. 54 pp.

Rosenau, J. C., G. L. Faulkner, C. W. Hendry, Jr., and R. W. Hull. 1977. Springs of Florida. Florida Department of Natural Resources Bureau of Geology Bulletin No. 31 (Revised). 461 pp.

Rupert, F. R. 1988. The Geology of Wakulla Springs. Florida Geological Survey Open File Report No. 22. 18 pp.

Ryder, P. D. 1985. Hydrology of the Floridan Aquifer System in West-Central Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1403-F. 63 pp, 1 map.

Scott, T. M., G. H. Means, R. C. Means, and R. P. Meegan. 2002. First Magnitude Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Open File Report No. 85. 138 pp.

Scott, T. M., G. H. Means, R. P. Meegan, R. C. Means, S. B. Upchurch, R. E. Copeland, et al. 2004. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin No. 66. 377 pp, CD.

Screaton, E., J. B. Martin, B. Ginn, and L. Smith. 2004. Conduit properties and karstification in the Santa Fe River Sink-Rise System of the Floridan Aquifer. Ground Water 42: 338-346.

Sepulveda, N. 2002. Simulation of Ground-Water Flow in the Intermediate and Floridan Aquifer Systems in Peninsular Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4009. 130 pp.

Shoemaker, W. B. A. M. O'Reilly, N. Sepulveda, S. A. Williams, L. H. Motz, and S. Quing. 2004. Comparison of Estimated Areas Contributing Recharge to Selected Springs in North-Central Florida by using Multiple Ground-water Flow Models. U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-448. 31 pp.

Smith, L. A., J. B. Martin, and E. J. Screaton. 2002. Surface water control of gradients in the Floridan aquifer: Observations for the Santa Fe River sink-rise system. Pp. 44-49 IN: J. B. Martin, C. M. Wicks, and I. Sasowski (eds.), Hydrogeology and Biology of Post-Paleozoic Carbonate Aquifers. Karst Waters Institute. Special Publication #7. Charles Town, WV.

Stewart, J. W. and L. R. Mills. 1984. Hydrogeology of the Sulphur Springs Area, Tampa, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 83-4085. Map w/ text.

Stringfield, V. T. and H. H. Cooper, Jr. 1951. Geology and Hydrologic Features of an Artesian Submarine Spring East of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 7(2). 16 pp.

Stubbs, S. A. 1940. Solution a dominant factor in the geomorphology of peninsular Florida. Quart. J. Fla. Academy of Sciences 5: 148-167.

Swarzenski, P. W. C. D. Reich, R. M. Spechler, J. L. Kindinger, and W. S. Moore. 2001. Using multiple geochemical tracers to characterize the hydrogeology of the submarine spring off Crescent Beach, Florida. Chemical Geology 179: 187-202.

Tibbals, C. H. 1977. Availability of Ground Water in Seminole County and Vicinity, Florida. U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigation 76-97. 15 pp; Open File Map.

Tibbals, C. H. 1990. Hydrology of the Floridan Aquifer System in East-Central Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1403-E. 98 pp.

Toth, D. J. and C. Fortich. 2002. Nitrate Concentrations in the Wekiva Groundwater Basin, With Emphasis on Wekiva Springs. St. Johns River Water Management District Technical Publication SJ2002-2. 84 pp.

Toth, D. J., K. P. Rohrer, and D. A. Munch. 1989. Water Quality Assessment of the Floridan Aquifer in the Wekiva River Basin of Orange, Lake, and Seminole Counties. St. Johns River Water Management District. Technical Publication SJ 89-5. ix, 46 pp.

Upchurch, S. B. and K. M. Champion. 2004. Delineation of Spring Protection Areas at Five First-Magnitude Springs in North-Central Florida. Report produced for the Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. 24 pp.

van der Kamp, G. 1995. The hydrogeology of springs in relation to the biodiversity of spring fauna: a review. J. Kansas Entomological Soc. 68(2) Supplement: 4-17.

Hydrology

Barrios, K. 2005. Choctawhatchee River Springs Inventory. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 05-02. Havana, FL. v, 15 pp.

Barrios, K. 2006. St. Marks River and Wakulla River Springs Inventory. Leon and Wakulla Counties, FL. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 06-03. Havana, FL. v, 24 pp.

Barrios, K. and A. Chelette. 2004a. Chipola River Springs Inventory. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 04-01. Havana, FL. v, 49 pp.

Barrios, K. and A. Chelette. 2004b. Econfina Creek Springs Inventory. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 04-02. Havana, FL. v, 38 pp.

Ceryak, R. and T. Mirti. 1999. Springflow Characteristics of White Sulphur Springs. Suwannee River Water Management District Technical Report No. WR99-05. 3 pp. plus Tables and Figures.

Champion, K. M. and R. Starks. 2001. The Hydrology and Water Quality of Springs in West-Central Florida. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, Fl. xii, 149 pp.

CH2M HILL. 1999. Water Supply Needs and Sources Assessment: Alternative Water Supply Investigation: Review of Established Minimum Flows and levels for the Wekiva River System. St. Johns River Water Management District. Special Publication SJ99-SP1. Palatka, Florida. x, 33 pp, Appendices.

Ferguson, G. E., C. W. Lingham, S. K. Love, and R. O. Vernon. 1947. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin No. 31. 196 pp.

German, E. R. 2003. Summary and Analysis of Measurements of Discharge from Blue Spring, near Orange City, Florida 1932-2002. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2006-SP10. 7 pp.

German, E. R. 2004. Assessment of Spring Discharge Measurement Data for Priority Springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2006-SP9. 36 pp.

Hammett, K. M., C. R. Goodwin, and G. L. Sanders. 1996. Tidal Flow, Circulation, and Flushing Characteristics of Kings Bay, Citrus County, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-230. 63 pp.

Hornsby, D. and R. Ceryak. 1999. Springs of the Suwannee River Basin in Florida. Suwannee River Water Management District Technical Report WR99-02. 178 pp.

Hornsby, D. and R. Ceryak. 2000. Springs of the Aucilla, Coastal, and Waccasassa Basins in Florida. Suwannee River Water Management District Technical Report WR00-03. 66 pp.

Hunn, J. D. and L. J. Slack. 1983. Water Resources of the Santa Fe River Basin, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 83-4075. 105 pp.

Hupalo, R. B., C. P. Neubauer, L. W. Keenan, D. A. Clapp, and E. F. Lowe. 1994. Establishment of Minimum Flows and Levels for the Wekiva River System. St. Johns River Water Management District Technical Publication SJ94-1. 86 pp.

Knochenmus, L. A. and D. K. Yobbi. 2001. Hydrology of the Coastal Springs Ground-Water Basin and Adjacent Parts of Pasco, Hernando, and Citrus Counties, Florida.

U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4230. 88 pp.

Knowles, L., Jr. 1996. Estimation of Evapotranspiration in the Rainbow Springs and Silver Springs Basins in North-Central Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4024. 37 pp.

Meinzer, O. E. 1927. Large Springs of the United States. U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 557. 94 pp.

Osburn, W. L. 2001. Relationship Between Discharge at Blue Spring, Volusia County, and Nearby Springs. St. Johns River Water Management District. Palatka, Florida.

Osburn, W., D. Toth, and D. Boniol. 2002. Springs of the St. Johns River Water Management District. SJRWMD Technical Report SJ2002-5. CD version.

Prugh, B. J. 1969. A Hydrographic Survey of the Ichetucknee River. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. xii, 128 pp.

Rao, D. V. and D. A. Clapp. 1996. Preliminary Evaluation of the Impacts of Spring Discharge Reductions on the Flows of Receiving Water Bodies and Natural Systems, Central Florida. St. Johns River Water Management District. Special Publication SJ96-SP3. xiv, 60 pp., Appendices.

Rosenau, J. C., G. L. Faulkner, C. W. Hendry, Jr., and R. W. Hull. 1977. Springs of Florida. Florida Department of Natural Resources Bureau of Geology Bulletin No. 31 (Revised). 461 pp.

Scott, T. M., G. H. Means, R. C. Means, and R. P. Meegan. 2002. First Magnitude Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Open File Report No. 85. 138 pp.

Scott, T. M., G. H. Means, R. P. Meegan, R. C. Means, S. B. Upchurch, R. E. Copeland, et al. 2004. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin No. 66. 377 pp, 1 CD.

Sinclair, W. C. 1978. Preliminary Evaluation of the Water-Supply Potential of the Spring-River System in the Weeki Wachee Area and the Lower Withlacoochee River, West-Central Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 78-74. 40 pp.

Wanielista, M., E. Hulstein, Y. Li, and G. Yeh. 2004. Wekiva Area Water Budget. Draft. University of Central Florida Stormwater Management Academy. January 2004.

Water Resource Associates. 2004. Development of Madison Blue Spring-based MFL. Technical Report. Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. Pp. variously numbered, Appendices.

Wilson, W. L. and W. C. Skiles. 1989. Partial reclassification of first-magnitude springs in Florida. Pp. 65-72 IN: B. F. Beck (ed.), Proceedings of the Third Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes.

Yobbi, D. K. 1992. Effects of Tidal Stage and Groundwater Levels on the Discharge and Water Quality of Springs in Coastal Citrus and Hernando Counties, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4069. 44 pp.

Water Quality/Chemistry

Barrios, K. 2005. Choctawhatchee River Springs Inventory. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 05-02. Havana, FL. v, 15 pp.

Barrios, K. 2006. St. Marks River and Wakulla River Springs Inventory. Leon and Wakulla Counties, FL. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 06-03. Havana, FL. v, 24 pp.

Barrios, K. and A. Chelette. 2004a. Chipola River Springs Inventory. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 04-01. Havana, FL. v, 49 pp.

Barrios, K. and A. Chelette. 2004b. Econfina Creek Springs Inventory. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 04-02. Havana, FL. v, 38 pp.

Binkley, D, G. G. Ice, J. Kaye, and C. A. Williams. 2004. Nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in forest streams of the United States. J. American Water Resources Association 40(5): 1277-1291.

Bishop, J. H. 1995. Evaluation of the Removal of Treated Municipal Effluent on Water Chemistry and the Abundance of Submersed Vegetation in Kings Bay Crystal River, Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Canfield, D. E. and M. V. Hoyer. 1988. The Nutrient Assimilation Capacity of the Little Wekiva River. Final Report submitted to City of Altamonte Springs. Center for Aquatic Plants, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 288 pp.

Champion, K. M. and D. J. DeWitt. 2000. Origin of Nitrate in Ground Water Discharging from Crystal Springs; Pasco County, Florida. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. 191 pp.

Champion, K. M. and R. Starks. 2001. The Hydrology and Water Quality of Springs in West-Central Florida. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, Fl. xii, 149 pp.

Chelette, A., T. R. Pratt, and B. G. Katz. 2002. Nitrate Loading as an Indicator of Nonpoint Source Pollution in the Lower St. Marks-Wakulla River Watershed. Northwest Florida Water Management District Water Resources Special Report 02-1.

Clark, G. M., D. K. Mueller, and M. A. Mast. 2000. Nutrient concentrations and yields in undeveloped stream basins of the United States. J. American Water Resources Assoc. 36(4): 849-860.

Collins, W. D. and C. S. Howard. 1928. Chemical Character of Waters of Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 596-G: Pp. 177-233.

Dodds, W. K. 2006. Eutrophication and trophic state in rivers and streams. Limnology and Oceanography 51(1, part 2): 671-680.

Dodds, W. K. and E. B. Welch. 2000. Establishing nutrient criteria in streams. J. North American Benthological Soc. 19(1): 186-196.

Duarte, C. M. and D. E. Canfield, Jr. 1990. Light absorption in Florida springs. Florida Scientist 53(2): 118-121

Ferguson, G. E., C. W. Lingham, S. K. Love, and R. O. Vernon. 1947. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin No. 31. 196 pp.

Grice, G. D. and C. S. Yentsch. 1956. Light transparency of Wakulla Springs. Papers Oceanogr. Inst. 2: 1-5.

Hornsby, D. and R. Ceryak. 1999. Springs of the Suwannee River Basin in Florida. Suwannee River Water Management District Technical Report WR99-02. 178 pp.

Hornsby, D. and R. Ceryak. 2000. Springs of the Aucilla, Coastal, and Waccasassa Basins in Florida. Suwannee River Water Management District Technical Report WR00-03. 66 pp.

Hoyer, M. V., L. K. Mataraza, A. B. Munson, and D. E. Canfield, Jr. 1997. Water Clarity in Kings Bay/Crystal River. Final Project Report. Report submitted to the Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL.

Hunn, J. D. and L. J. Slack. 1983. Water Resources of the Santa Fe River Basin, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 83-4075. 105 pp.

Jones, G. W. and S. B. Upchurch. 1993. Origin of Nutrients in Ground Water Discharging from Lithia and Buckhorn Springs, Hillsborough County, Florida. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. xiii, 118 pp, Appendices.

Jones, G. W., S. B. Upchurch, and K. M. Champion. 1996. Origin of Nitrate in Ground Water Discharging from Rainbow Springs, Marion County, Florida. Bibliography 6-13 Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. 155 pp.

Jones, G. W., S. B. Upchurch, K. M. Champion, and D. J. Dewitt. 1997. Water-Quality and Hydrology of the Homosassa, Chassahowitzka, Weeki Wachee and Aripeka Spring Complexes, Citrus and Hernando Counties, Florida. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. 167 pp.

Jones, G. W., S. B. Upchurch, and K. M. Champion. 1998. Origin of Nutrients in Ground Water Discharging from the King's Bay Springs. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. 158 pp.

Katz, B. G., R. S. DeHan, J. J. Hirten, and J. S. Catches. 1997. Interactions between ground water and surface water in the Suwannee River Basin, Florida. J. American Water Resources Assoc. 33(6): 1237-1254

Katz, B. G., H. D. Hornsby, J. F. Bohlke, and M. F. Mokray. 1999. Sources and Chronology of Nitrate Contamination in Spring Waters, Suwannee River Basin, Florida. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 99-4252. 54 pp.

Katz, B. G., J. K. Bohlke, and H. D. Hornsby. 2001. Timescales for nitrate contamination of spring waters. Chemical Geology 179: 167-186.

Lehmensiek, M. 2005. Verification of Impairment and Proposed Reductions for Coliform Bacteria in the Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run. SJRWMD Staff Report. November, 2005.16 pp.

Martin, J. B. and S. L. Gordon. 2000. Surface and ground water mixing, flow paths, and temporal variations in chemical compositions of karst springs. Pp. 65-92 IN: I. D. Sasowsky and C. Wicks (eds.), Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport in Carbonate Aquifers. Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema.

Mattson, R. A., E. F. Lowe, and C. L. Lippincott. 2005. Potential Nitrate Toxicity to Aquatic Animals in the Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run and Associated Nitrate Concentration Targets. SJRWMD Staff Report. September, 2005. 17 pp.

Munson, A. B. 1999. Water Clarity in Kings Bay/Crystal River, Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Odum, H. T. 1953. Dissolved Phosphorus in Florida Waters. Florida Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 9. Miscellaneous Studies. Pp. 1-40.

Osburn, W., D. Toth, and D. Boniol. 2002. Springs of the St. Johns River Water Management District. SJRWMD Technical Report SJ2002-5. CD version.

Phelps, G. G., S. J. Walsh, R. M Gerwig, and W. B. Tate. 2006. Characterization of the Hydrology, Water Chemistry, and Aquatic Communities of Selected Springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District, 2004. U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1107. vi, 51 pp.

Pittman, J. R., H. H. Hatzell, and E. T. Oaksford. 1997. Spring Contributions to Water Quantity and Nitrate Loads in the Suwannee River During Base Flow in July 1995. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4152. 11 pp.

Rosenau, J. C., G. L. Faulkner, C. W. Hendry, Jr., and R. W. Hull. 1977. Springs of Florida. Florida Department of Natural Resources Bureau of Geology Bulletin No. 31 (Revised). 461 pp.

Scott, T. M., G. H. Means, R. C. Means, and R. P. Meegan. 2002. First Magnitude Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Open File Report No. 85. 138 pp.

Scott, T. M., G. H. Means, R. P. Meegan, R. C. Means, S. B. Upchurch, R. E. Copeland, et al. 2004. Springs of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Bulletin No. 66. 377 pp, 1 CD.

Slack, L. J. and J. C. Rosenau. 1979. Water Quality of Florida Springs. Florida Geological Survey Map Series MS 96. Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL.

Strong, W. R. 2004. Temporal Water Chemistry Trends within Individual Springs and within a population of Florida Springs. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 54 pp.

Toth, D. J. 1999. Water Quality and Isotope Concentrations from Selected Springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District. St. Johns River Water Management District. Technical Publication SJ99-2. xii, 67 pp.

Toth, D. J. 2003. Water Quality and Isotope Concentrations from Selected Springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District, Part 2. St. Johns River Water Management District. Technical Publication SJ2003-1. xii, 70 pp.

Upchurch, S. B. and K. M. Champion. 2003. Geostatistical Analysis of Water-Level and Water-Quality Data for the Ichetucknee Springshed. Technical Report prepared for Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. 15 pp.

Woodruff, A. 1993. Florida Springs Chemical Classification and Aquatic Biological Communities. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 117 pp.

Plant Communities (algae and macrophytes)

Bartodziej, W. M. and A. Leslie. 1997. The Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality of the St. Marks River, Wakulla County, Florida, with Special Emphasis on the Role of Waterhyacinth: 1989-1995 Studies. Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Tallahassee, FL. Report TSS-97-200. 109 pp.

Bishop, J. H. 1995. Evaluation of the Removal of Treated Municipal Effluent on Water Chemistry and the Abundance of Submersed Vegetation in Kings Bay Crystal River, Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Bishop, J. H. and D. E. Canfield, Jr. 1994 (presentation abstract). Water quality and aquatic macrophyte responses to natural and anthropogenic changes in the environment in Kings Bay, Crystal River, Florida. Lake and Reservoir Management 9(2): 57.

Canfield, D. E. and M. V. Hoyer. 1988. The Nutrient Assimilation Capacity of the Little Wekiva River. Final Report submitted to City of Altamonte Springs. Center for Aquatic Plants, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 288 pp.

Childs, D. L. 1999. Spatial Evaluation of Factors Influencing Hydrilla on the Rainbow River. M.S. Project Report. Center for Wetlands, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Cowell, B. C. and P. S. Botts. 1994. Factors influencing the distribution, abundance and growth of Lyngbya wollei in central Florida. Aquatic Botany 49: 1-17.

Cowell, B. C. and C. J. Dawes. 2004. Growth and nitrate-nitrogen uptake by the cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei. J. Aquatic Plant Management 42: 69-71.

Davis, A. and B. Herring. 2005. Inventory of Rare and Endemic Plant and Animal Species of Ponce DeLeon, Gemini, and Green Springs. Final Report. Report prepared by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2006-SP8. vi, 27 pp.

Davis, J. S. and W. F. Gworek. 1972. Dichotomosiphon in Florida springs. J. Phycol. 8: 130-131.

Dawes, C. J. and J. M. Lawrence. 1989. Allocation of energy resources in the angiosperms Vallisneria americana Michx. and Potamogeton pectinatus L. in Florida. Florida Scientist 52(1): 58-63

Doyle, R.D. and R.M. Smart. 1998. Competitive reduction of noxious Lyngbya wollei mats by rooted aquatic plants. Aquatic Botany 61: 17-32.

Duarte, C. M. and D. E. Canfield. 1990. Macrophyte standing crop and primary productivity in some Florida spring runs. Water Resources Bull. 26(6): 927-934.

Dutoit, C. H. 1979. The Carrying Capacity of the Ichetucknee Springs and River. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 173 pp.

FDNR. 1987. Wekiva River Aquatic Preserve Management Plan. Report by the Florida Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Land and Aquatic Resource Management, Tallahassee, FL. 134 pp.

Fisher, K. E. 1994. An Investigation of the Effects of Nutrient Input on Water Quality, Submersed Aquatic Macrophytes, and Attached Algae in a Central Florida Spring Stream. M.S. Thesis. University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL. vii, 62 pp.

FNAI. 2004. Report on the Rare Plant and Animal Species and Rare Wetland Communities Occurring Adjacent to Priority Springs and Spring-Runs in St. Johns River Water Management District. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2004-SP39. 49 pp.

FNAI and FDNR. 1990. Guide to the Natural Communities of Florida. Report by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory and Florida Department of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL. 111 pp.

Frazer, T. K. and J. A. Hale. 2001. An Atlas of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation in Kings Bay (Citrus County, Florida). Final Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, Florida.

Frazer, T. K., S. K. Notestein, C. A. Jacoby, C. J. Littles, S. R. Keller, and R. A. Swett. 2006. Effects of storm-induced salinity changes on submersed aquatic vegetation in Kings Bay, Florida. Estuaries and Coasts 29(6A): 943-953.

GreenWater Labs Inc. 2005. Final Report. Attached Algal Assessment for the Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run. Report submitted to the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. 45 pp.

Herring, B. and A. Davis. 2004. Inventory of Rare and Endemic Plants and Rare Land and Riverine Vertebrates of Silver River and Silver Springs. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2004-SP36. 69 pp.

Hoyer, M. V., T. K. Frazer, D. E. Canfield, Jr., and J. M. Lamb. 2001. Vegetation Evaluation in Kings Bay/Crystal River. Final Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL.

Koburger, J. A. and C. R. Lazarus. 1974. Isolation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus from salt springs in Florida. Appl. Microbiol. 27: 435-436.

Lytle, S. T. 2003. Adaptation and Acclimation of Populations of Ludwigia repens to Growth in High and Lower-CO2 Springs. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Mattson, R. A., J. H. Epler, and M. K. Hein. 1995. Description of benthic communities in karst, spring-fed streams of north central Florida. J. Kansas Entomological Soc. 68(2) Supplement: 18-41.

Mumma, M. T. 1996. Effects of Recreation on the Water Quality and Submersed Plant Community of Rainbow River, Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. xi, 73 pp.

Natelson, D. 1955. Standing crops and community survey of submerged vegetation in seven springs. IN: H. T. Odum and J. L. Yount (eds.), Annual Report to the Office of Naval Research 2 (1954).

National Park Service. 1999. Wekiva River, Rock Springs Run, and Seminole Creek. Wild and Scenic River Study. Report produced by the Southeast Support Office, National Park Service, Atlanta, GA. 49 pp., 8 Appendices.

Notestein, S. K. 2001. Physical, Chemical, and Vegetative Characteristics of the Chassahowitzka River. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 86 pp.

Notestein, S. K., T. K. Frazer, M. V. Hoyer, and D. E. Canfield, Jr. 2003. Nutrient limitation of periphyton in a spring-fed, coastal stream in Florida, U.S.A. J. Aquatic. Plant Management 41: 57-60.

Pandion Systems, Inc. 2003. Carrying Capacity Study of Silver Glen Spring and Run. Prepared for the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida. FDEP Contract No. SL 982. 86 pp., 1 Appendix.

PBS&J. 2000. Rainbow Springs Aquatic Preserve 2000 Vegetation Mapping and Change Analysis Report. Report to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection Bureau of Coastal and Aquatic Managed Areas, Dunnellon, FL.

PBS&J. 2003. Mapping and Monitoring Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Ichetucknee and Manatee Springs. Final Report by Post, Buckley, Schue and Jernigan submitted to the Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. Pp. variously numbered, 7 Appendices.

PBS&J. 2004. Mapping and Monitoring Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Ichetucknee Springs 2004. Final Report by Post, Buckley, Schue and Jernigan submitted to the Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. Pp. variously numbered, 6 Appendices.

Phlips, E. J. and E. Bledsoe. 2002. The Consequences of Suwannee River Eutrophication for the Dynamics of Algae in the River and Associated Estuary. Final Report submitted to Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. 322 pp.

Phlips, E. J., J. Inhat, and M. Conroy. 1992. Nitrogen-fixation by the benthic freshwater cyanobacterium Lyngbya wollei. Hydrobiologia 234: 59-64.

Romie, K. F. 1990. An Evaluation of Factors Contributing to the Growth of Lyngbya sp. in Kings Bay/Crystal River, Florida. Technical Report. Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. xi, 70 pp., 3 Attachments.

Simons, R. W. 1990. Terrestrial and Freshwater Habitats. Pp. 99-157 IN: S. Wolfe (ed.), An Ecological Characterization of the Florida Springs Coast: Pithlachascotee to Waccasassa Rivers. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 90(21). 323 pp.

Shannon, K., E. D. Gross, and D. F. Martin. 1992. Variation of growth of Lyngbya majascula as a function of salinity. Biomedical Letters 47: 29-33.

Stevenson, R. J. 1997. Resource thresholds and stream ecosystem sustainability. J. North American Benthological Soc. 16(2): 410-424.

Stevenson, R. J., A. Pinowska, and Y-K Wang. 2004. Ecological Condition of Algae and Nutrients in Florida Springs. Final Report to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 101 pp.

Terrell, J. B. and D. E. Canfield, Jr. 1996. Evaluation of the effects of nutrient removal and the "Storm of the Century" on submersed vegetation in Kings Bay-Crystal River, Florida. Lake and Reservoir Management 12(3): 394-403.

Thompson, S. M. 1977. Vascular Plant Communities and Environmental Parameters under Tidal Influence on the Wakulla and St. Marks Rivers, Florida. M.S. Thesis. Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. 44 pp.

Welch, E. B., J. M. Jacoby, R. R. Horner, and M. R. Seeley. 1988. Nuisance biomass levels of periphytic algae in streams. Hydrobiologia 157: 161-168.

Whitford, L. A. 1956. The communities of algae in the springs and spring streams of Florida. Ecology 37(3): 433-442.

Yount, J. L. 1956. Factors that control species numbers in Silver Springs, Florida. Limnology and Oceanography 1(4): 286-295.

Substrata And Benthic Macroinvertebrates

Benke, A. C., T. C. Van Arsdall, Jr., and D. M. Gillespie. 1984. Invertebrate productivity in a subtropical blackwater river: the importance of habitat and life history. Ecol. Monographs 54(1): 25-63.

Benke, A. C., R. L. Henry, III, D. M. Gillespie, and R. J. Hunter. 1985. Importance of snag habitat for animal production in southeastern streams. Fisheries 10(5): 8-13.

Berner, L. and M. L. Pescador. 1988. The Mayflies of Florida. Revised Edition. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 415 pp.

Black and Veatch Corp. 2004. Environmental Monitoring Plan. Annual Report. January 2004. Madison Blue Spring. WUP No. 2-98-00025M. Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Black and Veatch Corp. 2005. . Environmental Monitoring Plan. Annual Report. February 2005. Madison Blue Spring. WUP No. 2-98-00025M. Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Davis, J. S. and W. F. Gworek. 1972. A rotifer parasitizing Vaucheria in a Florida spring. J. Phycol. 8: 18.

Ferrington, L. C. (ed.). 1995. Biodiversity of aquatic insects and other invertebrates in springs. J. Kansas Entomological Soc. 68(2) Supplement, Special Publication No. 1.

FDEP. 1997. Biological Assessment of the Ichetucknee River, Columbia County, Florida. Biology Section, Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 15 pp.

FDEP. 2000. Ecological Assessment of the Wekiva River; Seminole, Lake and Orange Counties. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Laboratories, Division of Resource Assessment and Management, Tallahassee, FL. 8 pp.

Franz, R. 2002. Crustacean Surveys in Spring Habitats of 17 Florida State Parks. Report submitted to the Florida Park Service by the Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, Fl. 13 pp.

Franz, R. and H. H. Hobbs, Jr. 1983. Procambarus (Ortmannicus) leitheuseri, new species, another troglobitic crayfish (Decapoda : Cambaridae) from peninsular Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96: 323-332.

Franz, R. and D. S. Lee. 1982. Distribution and evolution of Florida's troglobitic crayfishes. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 28: 53-78.

Franz, R., J. Bauer, and T. Morris. 1994. Review of biologically significant caves and their faunas in Florida and south Georgia. Brimleyana 20: 1-109.

Genevieve, R. S. and M. L. Cipollini. 2006. Relationship between physicochemical factors and distribution of stygobiotic crayfishes in southeastern caves. Southeastern Naturalist 5(1): 17-26.

Gottfried, P. K. and J. A. Osborne. 1992. Distribution, abundance and size of Corbicula manilensis (Phillipi) in a spring-fed central Florida stream. Fla. Scientist 45(3): 178-188.

Hobbs, H. H., Jr. and R. Franz. 1986. New troglobitic crayfish with comments on its relationship to epigean and other hypogean crayfishes of Florida. J. Crustacean Biology 6(3): 509-519.

Hobbs, H. H., Jr. and D. S. Lee. 1976. A new troglobitic crayfish (Decapoda : Cambaridae) from peninsular Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 89: 383-391.

Hobbs, H. H., Jr. and D. B. Means. 1972. Two new troglobitic crayfishes (Decapoda : Astacidae) from Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 84: 393-409.

Hobbs, H. H., Jr., H. H. Hobbs, III, and M. A. Daniel. 1977. A Review of the Troglobitic Decapod Crustaceans of the Americas. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 244: 1-183.

Lobinske, R. J. 1995. Qualitative and Quantitative Population and Productivity Estimates of Chironomidae (Diptera) and Selected Physico-chemical Parameters in Two Tributaries of the Wekiva River, Central Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL. 56 pp.

Mattson, R. A., J. H. Epler, and M. K. Hein. 1995. Description of benthic communities in karst, spring-fed streams of north central Florida. J. Kansas Entomological Soc. 68 (2) Supplement: 18-41.

Morris, T. 2003. A Biological Inventory of Spring Caves Associated with the Oklawaha River, Holmes Creek, Choctawhatchee River, Econfina River, Suwannee River, Withlacoochee River, Apalachicola River and St. Johns River, with Special Emphasis on Troglobitic Invertebrates. Report submitted to the Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection Springs Initiative Program. FDEP Grant Agreement S0057. 41 pp.

PBS&J. 2003. Mapping and Monitoring Submerged Aquatic Vegetation in Ichetucknee and Manatee Springs. Final Report by Post, Buckley, Schue and Jernigan submitted to the Suwannee River Water Management District, Live Oak, FL. Pp. variously numbered, 7 Appendices.

Phelps, G. G., S. J. Walsh, R. M Gerwig, and W. B. Tate. 2006. Characterization of the Hydrology, Water Chemistry, and Aquatic Communities of Selected Springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District, 2004. U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1107. vi, 51 pp.

Relyea, K. and B. Sutton. 1975. A new troglobitic crayfish of the genus Procambarus from Florida (Decapoda : Astacidae). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 19: 8-16.

Relyea, K., D. Blody, and K. Bankowski. 1976. A Florida troglobitic crayfish: biogeographic implications. Florida Scientist 39: 71-72.

Shelton, D. N. 2005. The Rare and Endemic Snails of Selected Springs within the St. Johns River Water Management District. Report by the Alabama Malacological Research Center submitted to St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. iv, 25 pp.

Sloan, W. C. 1954. The Distribution of Aquatic Insects in Two Florida Springs. M.S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 93 pp.

Sloan, W. C. 1956. The distribution of aquatic insects in two Florida springs. Ecology 37(1): 81-98.

Steigerwalt, N. M. 2005. Environmental Factors Affecting Aquatic Invertebrate Community Structure on Snags in the Ichetucknee River, Florida. M.S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 85 pp.

Streever, W. 1992. First record of Corbicula clams in flooded cave systems in Florida. Fla. Scientist 55(1): 35-37.

Streever, W. J. 1992. First record of the colonial Cnidarian Cordylophora lacustris within a flooded cave system. The NSS Bulletin 54: 77-78.

Streever, W. J., J. F. Gottgens, and T. L. Crisman. 1993. Patterns of sediment flux in a subtropical permanently flooded cave. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25: 257-260.

Thompson, F. G. 1968. The Aquatic Snails of the Family Hydrobiidae of Peninsular Florida. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL. 268 pp.

Walsh, S. J. 2001. Freshwater macrofauna of Florida karst habitats. Pp. 78-88 IN: E. L. Kuniansky (ed.), Proceedings. USGS Karst Interest Group. U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4011.

Walsh, S. J. and J. D. Williams. 2003. Inventory of Fishes and Mussels in Springs and Spring Effluents of North-Central Florida State Parks. Report to the Florida Park Service. U. S. Geological Survey, Center for Aquatic Resources, Gainesville, FL. iii, 94 pp.

Warren, G. L., D. A. Hohlt, C. E. Cichra, and D. VanGenechten. 2000. Fish and Aquatic Invertebrate Communities of the Wekiva and Little Wekiva Rivers: A Baseline Evaluation in the Context of Florida's Minimum Flows and Levels Statutes. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2000-SP4. Pp. variously numbered.

Woodruff, A. 1993. Florida Springs Chemical Classification and Aquatic Biological Communities. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 117 pp.

Fishes

Allen, E. R. 1946. Fishes of Silver Springs, FL. Privately printed report. 36 pp.
http://fulltext10.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx? c=feol &idno=UF00000192 &format=pdf

Caldwell, D. K., F. H. Berry, and H. T. Odum. 1955. Fishery Biology Studies in Silver Springs, Productivity of Florida Springs: Second Annual Report to Biology Branch Office of Naval Research. Dept. of Biology: University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Caldwell, D. K., H. T. Odum, T. R. Hellier, Jr., and F. H. Berry. 1957. Populations of spotted sunfish and Florida largemouth bass in a constant temperature spring. Trans. American Fisheries Soc. 85: 120-134.

Canfield, D. E. and M. V. Hoyer. 1988. The Nutrient Assimilation Capacity of the Little Wekiva River. Final Report submitted to City of Altamonte Springs. Center for Aquatic Plants, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 288 pp.

Edwards, T. M. 2005. Environmental Influences on Mosquitofish Reproduction. Ph.D Dissertation. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 187 pp.

Hellier, T. R., Jr. 1967. The fishes of the Santa Fe River System. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 11(1): 1-37.

Herald, E. S. and R. R. Strickland. 1949. An annotated list of the fishes of Homosassa Springs, Florida. Quart. Jour. Florida Academy of Sciences 11(4): 99-109.

Hubbs, C. L. and E. R. Allen. 1943. Fishes of Silver Springs, Florida. Proc. Florida Academy of Sciences 6: 110-130.

National Park Service. 1999. Wekiva River, Rock Springs Run, and Seminole Creek. Wild and Scenic River Study. Report produced by the Southeast Support Office, National Park Service, Atlanta, GA. 49 pp., 8 Appendices.

Odum, H. T. and D. K. Caldwell. 1955. Fish respiration in the natural oxygen gradient of an anaerobic spring in Florida. Copeia: 104-106.

Phelps, G. G., S. J. Walsh, R. M Gerwig, and W. B. Tate. 2006. Characterization of the Hydrology, Water Chemistry, and Aquatic Communities of Selected Springs in the St. Johns River Water Management District, 2004. U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1107. vi, 51 pp.

Relyea, K. and B. Sutton. 1973. Cave dwelling yellow bullheads in Florida. Fla. Scientist 36(1): 31-34.

VanGenechten, D. T. 1999. Effects of Habitat and Season on Fish Communities of the Wekiva River System. M. S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 93 pp.

Walsh, S. J. and J. D. Williams. 2003. Inventory of Fishes and Mussels in Springs and Spring Effluents of North-Central Florida State Parks. Report to the Florida Park Service. U. S. Geological Survey, Center for Aquatic Resources, Gainesville, FL. iii, 94 pp.

Warren, G. L., D. A. Hohlt, C. E. Cichra, and D. VanGenechten. 2000. Fish and Aquatic Invertebrate Communities of the Wekiva and Little Wekiva Rivers: A Baseline Evaluation in the Context of Florida's Minimum Flows and Levels Statutes. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2000-SP4. Pp. variously numbered.

Other Vertebrates

Adler, E. T. 1977. Wakulla Springs: Its History, Legend, Birds and Wildlife. Wakulla Silver Springs Company. 39 pp.

Campbell, H. W. and A. B. Irvine. 1977. Feeding ecology of the West Indian manatee Trichecus manatus Linnaeus. Aquaculture 12(3): 249-251.

Cox, W. A. and K. R. Marion. 1976. Observations on the female reproductive cycle of the loggerhead musk turtle Stenotherus minor in a north Florida spring. J. Ala. Acad. Science 47: 136.

Cox, W. A. and K. R. Marion. 1978. Observations on the female reproductive cycle and associated phenomena in spring-dwelling populations of Stenotherus minor in north Florida (Reptilia : Testudines). Herpetologica 34: 20-33.

Davis, A. and B. Herring. 2005. Inventory of Rare and Endemic Plant and Animal Species of Ponce DeLeon, Gemini, and Green Springs. Final Report. Report prepared by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2006-SP8. vi, 27 pp.

Edwards, T. M., L. J. Guillette, Jr., K. McCoy, and T. Barbeau. 2004. Final Report. Effects of Nitrate/Nitrite on Two Sentinel Species Associated with Florida's Springs. Technical Report to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. 89 pp, appendix.

Facemire, C. F. 1991. Copper and Other Contaminants in Kings Bay and Crystal River, Florida Sediments: Implications for Impact on the West Indian Manatee. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Environmental Contaminants. Arlington, Virginia. Publication Number VB-89-4-109A.

FDNR. 1987. Wekiva River Aquatic Preserve Management Plan. Report by the Florida Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Land and Aquatic Resource Management, Tallahassee, FL. 134 pp.

FGFWFC. 1992. Aquatic and Terrestrial Wildlife Surveys for the Rainbow River Watershed. Final Report. Report prepared by the Nongame Wildlife Program, Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission for Southwest Florida Water Management District, Brooksville, FL. 29 pp.

FNAI. 2004. Report on the Rare Plant and Animal Species and Rare Wetland Communities Occurring Adjacent to Priority Springs and Spring-Runs in St. Johns River Water Management District. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2004-SP39. 49 pp.

FNAI and FDNR. 1990. Guide to the Natural Communities of Florida. Report by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory and Florida Department of Natural Resources, Tallahassee, FL. 111 pp.

Giovanetto, L. A. 1992. Population Ecology and Relative Abundance of Sympatric Freshwater Turtles in the Headwaters of Two Spring-Fed Rivers in Western Peninsular Florida. Ph.D. Dissertation. Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL.

Herring, B. and A. Davis. 2004. Inventory of Rare and Endemic Plants and Rare Land and Riverine Vertebrates of Silver River and Silver Springs. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2004-sp36. 69 pp.

Huestis, D. L. and P. A. Meylan. 2004. The turtles of Rainbow Run (Marion County, Florida): observations on the genus Pseudemys. Southeastern Naturalist 3(4): 595-612.

Jackson, J. A. 1996. Ivory-billed Woodpecker. Pp. 103-112 IN: J. A. Rodgers, Jr., H. W. Kale, III, and H. T. Smith (eds.), Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida. Volume V. Birds. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Kramer, M. 1995. Home range of the Florida Red-bellied turtle (Pseudemys nelsoni) in a Florida spring run. Copeia 1995: 883-890.

Langtimm, C. A., G. L. Mahon, H. I. Kochman, and S. Butler. 2003. Manatee Habitat Suitability at Manatee Spring, Levy County, Florida. Report by the U. S. Geological Survey, Center for Aquatic Resource Studies, Gainesville, FL. 41 pp.

Lomolino, M. V. 1977. The Ecological Role of the Florida Manatee (Trichecus manatus latirosis) in Water Hyacinth-Dominated Ecosystems. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Lomolino, M. V. and K. C. Ewel. 1984. Digestive efficiencies of the West Indian manatee (Trichecus manatus). Florida Scientist 47(3): 176-179.

Marchand, L. J. 1942. A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Natural History of Certain Freshwater Turtles. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Meylan, P. A., C. A. Stevens, M. E. Barnwell, and E. D. Dohm. 1992. Observations on the turtle community of Rainbow Run, Marion County, Florida. Florida Scientist 55(4): 219-227.

National Park Service. 1999. Wekiva River, Rock Springs Run, and Seminole Creek. Wild and Scenic River Study. Report produced by the Southeast Support Office, National Park Service, Atlanta, GA. 49 pp., 8 Appendices.

O'Shea, T. J., J. F. Moore, and H. I. Kochman. 1984. Contaminant concentrations in manatees in Florida. Journal of Wildlife Management 48: 741-748.

Silverberg, D. J. and J. G. Morris. 1987 (presentation abstract). The role of nutrients and energy in the diet selection of the West Indian manatee (Trichecus manatus) in the winter refuge at Homosassa Springs, Citrus County, FL. American Zoologist 27(4): 44A.

Simons, R. W. 1990. Terrestrial and Freshwater Habitats. Pp. 99-157 IN: S. Wolfe (ed.), An Ecological Characterization of the Florida Springs Coast: Pithlachascotee to Waccasassa Rivers. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 90(21). 323 pp.

Sucsy, P., R. Hupalo, and B. Freeman. 1998. Minimum Flow Determination for Blue Spring, Volusia County: The Relationship between Ground Water Discharge and Winter Refuge for Manatees. Technical Report. Department of Water Resources. St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. 73 pp.

Warm Water Task Force. 2004. Draft Recommendations for Future Manatee Warm-Water Habitat. Report by the Florida Manatee Warm Water Task Force, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, FL. 26 pp.

Whole Ecosystem Studies

Caldwell, D. E., S. J. Caldwell, and J. M. Tiedje. 1975. An ecological study of the sulfur oxidizing bacteria from the littoral zone of a Michigan lake and a sulfur spring in Florida. Pl. Soil 43: 101-114.

Duarte, C. M. and D. E. Canfield. 1990. Macrophyte standing crop and primary productivity in some Florida spring runs. Water Resources Bull. 26(6): 927-934.

Kemp, W. M. and W. R. Boynton. 2004. Productivity, trophic structure, and energy flow in the steady-state ecosystems of Silver Springs, Florida. Ecological Modeling 178: 43-49.

Knight, R. L. 1983. Energy Basis of Ecosystem Control at Silver Springs, Florida, pp. 161-179 In T. D. Fontaine and S. M. Bartell [eds.], Dynamics of Lotic Ecosystems. Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, MI.

Knight, R. L. 1980. Energy Basis of Control in Aquatic Ecosystems. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 200 pp.

Odum, H. T. 1956. Primary Production in Flowing Waters. Limnology and Oceanography 1:102-117.

Odum, H. T. 1957a. Primary Production Measurements in Eleven Florida Springs and a Marine Turtle-Grass Community. Limnology and Oceanography 2:85-97.

Odum, H. T. 1957b. Trophic structure and productivity of Silver Springs, Florida. Ecological Monographs 27: 55-112.

Wetland Solutions, Inc. 2005. Pollutant Load Reduction Goal (PLRG) Analysis for the Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run, Florida. Final Report. Report Prepared for the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Wetland Solutions, Inc. 2006. Pollutant Load Reduction Goal (PLRG) Analysis for the Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run, Florida. Phase 2 Final Report. Report Prepared for the St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. Pp. variously numbered.

Management And Economics

Billington, H. E. 1995. Use Levels, Encounters, Satisfaction and Perceived Crowding among Recreation Visitors to the Rainbow River. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. vi, 90 pp.

Bonn, M. A. 2004. Visitor Profiles, Economic Impacts and Recreational Aesthetic Values Associated with Eight Priority Florida Springs Located in the St. Johns River Water Management District. St. Johns River Water Management District Special Publication SJ2004-SP35. xv, 136 pp.

Bonn, M. A. and F. W. Bell. 2003. Economic Impact of Selected Florida Springs on Surrounding Local Areas. Report prepared by Florida State University for the Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Tallahassee, Florida. xvi, 95 pp., 6 Apps.

Brown, M. T., J. M. Schaefer, K. H. Brandt, S. J. Doherty, et al. 1987. Buffer Zones for Water, Wetlands, and Wildlife. Report by the Center for Wetlands, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 163 pp, Appendix.

Dutoit, C. H. 1979. The Carrying Capacity of the Ichetucknee Springs and River. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 173 pp.

FDCA. 2002. Protecting Florida's Springs. Land Use Planning Strategies and Best Management Practices. Report prepared by the Florida Dept. of Community Affairs, Tallahassee, FL. 124 pp.

FDEP. 1995. Wekiva River Basin. Interagency Strategic Plan. Report prepared by the Wekiva River Basin Management Plan Advisory Group and Florida Department of Environmental Protection. 123 pp.

FDEP. 2004. A Strategy for Water Quality Protection: Wastewater Treatment in the Wekiva Study Area. Report by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Orlando, FL. 77 pp.

Florida Springs Task Force. 2000. Florida's Springs. Strategies for Protection and Restoration. Report by the Florida Springs Task Force. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. CD version.

Florida Springs Task Force. 2006. Florida's Springs. Strategies for Protection and Restoration. Report by the Florida Springs Task Force. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, FL. CD version.

Friends of the Wekiva River, Inc. (FOWR). 1985. The Wekiva River Basin: A Resource Endangered. A Position paper. Prepared by the Technical Committee.

Goggin, S. E. 1992. A Comparison Analysis of Property Arrangements and Resource Management of Florida Springs. M.S. Thesis. Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. vi, 157 pp.

Haller, W. T., J. V. Shireman, and D. E. Canfield. 1983. Vegetative and Herbicide Monitoring Study in King's Bay, Crystal River, Florida. Project Report. United States Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville, Florida. Contract No. DACW17-80-C-0062.

Hauxwell, J., C. W. Osenberg, and T. K. Frazer. 2004. Conflicting management goals: manatees and invasive competitors inhibit restoration of a native macrophyte. Ecological Applications 14(2): 571-586.

Mattson, R. A., E. F. Lowe, C. L. Lippincott, J. Di, and L. Battoe. 2006. Wekiva River and Rock Springs Run Pollutant Load Reduction Goals. Report to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection. St. Johns River Water Management District, Palatka, FL. xvi, 70 pp.

Mumma, M. T. 1996. Effects of Recreation on the Water Quality and Submersed Plant Community of Rainbow River, Florida. M.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. xi, 73 pp.

Pandion Systems, Inc. 2003. Carrying Capacity Study of Silver Glen Spring and Run. Prepared for the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee, Florida. FDEP Contract No. SL 982. 86 pp., 1 Appendix.

Paulauskas, G. 2001. Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Recreational Users on the Ichetucknee River. M.S.R.S. Thesis. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. ix, 83 pp.

USEPA. 2005 . Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for Nutrients in Wekiwa Spring (WBID 2956C), Rock Springs Run (WBID 2967), and Volusia Blue Spring (WBID 28933), Middle St. Johns River Basin, Florida. Report by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 4, Atlanta, GA. vi, 17 pp., 1 Appendix.

Water Resource Associates. 2005. Marion County Springs Protection Program. Strategies and Recommendations for Protecting Silver and Rainbow Springs. Report submitted to Marion County, Ocala, FL. Pp. variously numbered, 6 Apps. plus Exhibits.

WRBCC. 2004. Wekiva River Basin Coordinating Committee. Final Report. Florida Department of Community Affairs, Tallahassee, FL. 54 pp.

WRTF. 1988. Wekiva River Task Force. Report to Governor Bob Martinez. Report by the Wekiva River Task Force dated May 20, 1988. 96 pp.

News and Views
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November 30, 2013
On environment, shortsightedness costs Florida big.
Scott Maxwell, Taking Names.
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October 9, 2013
Fuel Cell Today analysis.
The Fuel Cell Industry Review 2013.
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September 25, 2013
Fuel Cell Today analysis.
The Potential for Fuel Cell Prime Power in Japan.
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August 1, 2013
Duke Energy to cancel proposed Levy County nuclear plant.
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May 22, 2013
Fuel Cell Today analysis.
Electrolysers for Renewable Energy Efficiency.
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March 13, 2013
Beyond Electricity: Using Renewables Effectively.
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September 24, 2012
Sewer Systems Legal Filing.
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February 1, 2012
Fuel Cell Today update.
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January 13, 2012
Sewer Agenda.
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December 23, 2011
Scientist: Water account overdrawn.
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Novemver 14, 2011
Submission to the Citrus County Commissioner, 14 November, 2011.
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