The Amy H Remley Foundation  

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GRADE 9 - 12

Standard 14: Organization and Development of Living Organisms

A. Cells have characteristic structures and functions that make them distinctive.
B. Processes in a cell can be classified broadly as growth, maintenance, reproduction, and homeostasis.
C. Life can be organized in a functional and structural hierarchy ranging from cells to the biosphere.
D. Most multicellular organisms are composed of organ systems whose structures reflect their particular function.

* SC.912.L.14.1 Describe the scientific theory of cells (cell theory) and relate the history of its discovery to the process of science.
* SC.912.L.14.2 Relate structure to function for the components of plant and animal cells. Explain the role of cell membranes as a highly selective barrier (passive and active transport).
* SC.912.L.14.3 Compare and contrast the general structures of plant and animal cells. Compare and contrast the general structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  SC.912.L.14.4 Compare and contrast structure and function of various types of microscopes.
* SC.912.L.14.5 Explain the evidence supporting the scientific theory of the origin of eukaryotic cells (endosymbiosis).
* SC.912.L.14.6 Explain the significance of genetic factors, environmental factors, and pathogenic agents to health from the perspectives of both individual and public health.
* SC.912.L.14.7 Relate the structure of each of the major plant organs and tissues to physiological processes.
  SC.912.L.14.8 Explain alternation of generations in plants.
  SC.912.L.14.9 Relate the major structure of fungi to their functions.
  SC.912.L.14.10 Discuss the relationship between the evolution of land plants and their anatomy.
  SC.912.L.14.11 Classify and state the defining characteristics of epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue.
  SC.912.L.14.12 Describe the anatomy and histology of bone tissue.
  SC.912.L.14.13 Distinguish between bones of the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.
  SC.912.L.14.14 Identify the major bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton.
  SC.912.L.14.15 Identify major markings (such as foramina, fossae, tubercles, etc.) on a skeleton. Explain why these markings are important.
  SC.912.L.14.16 Describe the anatomy and histology, including ultrastructure, of muscle tissue.
  SC.912.L.14.17 List the steps involved in the sliding filament of muscle contraction.
  SC.912.L.14.18 Describe signal transmission across a myoneural junction.
  SC.912.L.14.19 Explain the physiology of skeletal muscle.
  SC.912.L.14.20 Identify the major muscles of the human on a model or diagram.
  SC.912.L.14.21 Describe the anatomy, histology, and physiology of the central and peripheral nervous systems and name the major divisions of the nervous system.
  SC.912.L.14.22 Describe the physiology of nerve conduction, including the generator potential, action potential, and the synapse.
  SC.912.L.14.23 Identify the parts of a reflex arc.
  SC.912.L.14.24 Identify the general parts of a synapse and describe the physiology of signal transmission across a synapse.
  SC.912.L.14.25 Identify the major parts of a cross section through the spinal cord.
  SC.912.L.14.26 Identify the major parts of the brain on diagrams or models.
  SC.912.L.14.27 Identify the functions of the major parts of the brain, including the meninges, medulla, pons, midbrain, hypothalamus, thalamus, cerebellum and cerebrum.
  SC.912.L.14.28 Identify the major functions of the spinal cord.
  SC.912.L.14.29 Define the terms endocrine and exocrine.
  SC.912.L.14.30 Compare endocrine and neural controls of physiology.
  SC.912.L.14.31 Describe the physiology of hormones including the different types and the mechanisms of their action.
  SC.912.L.14.32 Describe the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine system.
  SC.912.L.14.33 Describe the basic anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system.
  SC.912.L.14.34 Describe the composition and physiology of blood, including that of the plasma and the formed elements.
  SC.912.L.14.35 Describe the steps in hemostasis, including the mechanism of coagulation. Include the basis for blood typing and transfusion reactions.
  SC.912.L.14.36 Describe the factors affecting blood flow through the cardiovascular system.
  SC.912.L.14.37 Explain the components of an electrocardiogram.
  SC.912.L.14.38 Describe normal heart sounds and what they mean.
  SC.912.L.14.39 Describe hypertension and some of the factors that produce it.
  SC.912.L.14.40 Describe the histology of the major arteries and veins of systemic, pulmonary, hepatic portal, and coronary circulation.
  SC.912.L.14.41 Describe fetal circulation and changes that occur to the circulatory system at birth.
  SC.912.L.14.42 Describe the anatomy and the physiology of the lymph system.
  SC.912.L.14.43 Describe the histology of the respiratory system.
  SC.912.L.14.44 Describe the physiology of the respiratory system including the mechanisms of ventilation, gas exchange, gas transport and the mechanisms that control the rate of ventilation.
  SC.912.L.14.45 Describe the histology of the alimentary canal and its associated accessory organs.
  SC.912.L.14.46 Describe the physiology of the digestive system, including mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption and the neural and hormonal mechanisms of control.
  SC.912.L.14.47 Describe the physiology of urine formation by the kidney.
  SC.912.L.14.48 Describe the anatomy, histology, and physiology of the ureters, the urinary bladder and the urethra.
  SC.912.L.14.49 Identify the major functions associated with the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
  SC.912.L.14.50 Describe the structure of vertebrate sensory organs. Relate structure to function in vertebrate sensory systems.
  SC.912.L.14.51 Describe the function of the vertebrate integumentary system.
  SC.912.L.14.52 Explain the basic functions of the human immune system, including specific and nonspecific immune response, vaccines, and antibiotics.
  SC.912.L.14.53 Discuss basic classification and characteristics of plants. Identify bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.
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Fuel Cell Today analysis.
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August 1, 2013
Duke Energy to cancel proposed Levy County nuclear plant.
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Beyond Electricity: Using Renewables Effectively.
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September 24, 2012
Sewer Systems Legal Filing.
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February 1, 2012
Fuel Cell Today update.
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January 13, 2012
Sewer Agenda.
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December 23, 2011
Scientist: Water account overdrawn.
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Novemver 14, 2011
Submission to the Citrus County Commissioner, 14 November, 2011.
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